Consequences of Stigma and Discrimination

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Consequences of Stigma and Discrimination essay assignment

Women have a higher risk of being infected with HIV because of various reasons. Some include intimate partner violence, unsafe traditional practices, and inequitable laws that reinforce or otherwise propagate unequal power dynamics between the males and females in the society. Women are more prone to the risk of rape and molestation, causing more vulnerability to being infected. Young women are the most disadvantaged. It is true that gender inequality mainly contributes to the high numbers of women with HIV and more so entrenches gender inequality (Paudel & Baral, 2015).

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In 2017, there was approximately 36.9 million people worldwide living with HIV. More than 1.1 million people in the U.S. are living with HIV and 1 out of 7 people are unaware of having the disease, (, 2017). According to AIDSVu (2019), in 2015 there are approximately 106,585 people living with HIV in Florida, with 28.4% being female. In 2016, there were 4,940 new diagnoses of HIV. There are approximately 19,465 people living with HIV in Fort Lauderdale, Florida, with 26.4% being female. There were 762 new diagnoses in 2016, with 22.5% being female (AIDSVu, 2019).

Economic Aspects

Both at the local and international level, HIV plays a huge role in economic inequity for it affects the marginalized groups at a rate that is disproportionately high. Research shows that an individual’s socioeconomic status determines the likelihood of getting infected. It is also a key determiner of a person’s quality of life once they are diagnosed with HIV. For some women living with HIV, their situation has had a negative impact on their progress and development economically in various ways, such as consequences of stigma and discrimination, getting ill for long durations, access to health services, and the disease getting more severe. Increased levels of stigma are associated with decreased social support, being viewed negatively and weak, and decreased physical and mental outcomes. Many women also lose their jobs leading to a decrease in income and degrade of dignity (Kontomanolis, Michalopoulos, Gkasdaris, & Fasoulakis, 2017).